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Posts Tagged ‘open data’

Réalisation du carte de densité pour vérifier Localisation des colonnes aériennes de Nantes Métropole

2016/09/12

Localisation et caractéristiques des colonnes d’apport volontaire aériennes de Nantes Métropole utilisées pour la collecte des déchets.

  1. Outil de visualisation Global Mapper 17
  2. Format SHP
  3. champ: VOLUME

http://data.paysdelaloire.fr/donnees/detail/localisation-des-colonnes-aeriennes-de-nantes-metropole/

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Ces colonnes sont implantées sur l’ensemble du territoire et sont destinées à la collecte du verre et des emballages recyclables (papier, carton, plastique).

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C’est genial jouer un peu avec des données Open Data, j’espère que vous avez aimé.

Alberto
MSc SIG et remote sensing

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Creating value through Open Data

2016/02/19

The benefits of Open Data are diverse and range from improved efficiency of public administrations, economic growth in the private sector to wider social welfare

(Source: http://www.europeandataportal.eu/)

Performance can be enhanced by Open Data and contribute to improving the efficiency of public services. Greater efficiency in processes and delivery of public services can be achieved thanks to cross-sector sharing of data, which can for example provide an overview of unnecessary spending.

The economy can benefit from an easier access to information, content and knowledge in turn contributing to the development of innovative services and the creation of new business models.

Social welfare can be improved as society benefits from information that is more transparent and accessible. Open Data enhances collaboration, participation and social innovation.

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The economy can benefit from easier access to information, content and knowledge in turn contributing to the development of innovative services and the creation of new business models.

For 2016, the direct market size of Open Data is expected to be 55.3 bn EUR for the EU 28+. Between 2016 and 2020, the market size increases by 36.9%, to a value of 75.7 bn EUR in 2020, including inflation corrections. For the period 2016-2020, the cumulative direct market size is estimated at 325 bn EUR.

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New jobs are created through the stimulation of the economy and a higher demand for personnel with the skills to work with data. In 2016, there will be 75,000 Open Data jobs within the EU 28+ private sector. By 2020, this number will increase to just under100,000 Open Data jobs. Creating almost 25,000 new direct Open Data jobs by 2020.

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Public sector performance can be enhanced by Open Data. Greater efficiency in processes and delivery of public services can be achieved thanks to cross-sector sharing of data, providing faster access to information. The accumulated cost savings for the EU28+ in 2020 are forecasted to equal 1.7 bn EUR.

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Open Data results in efficiency gains as real-time data is used that enables easy access to information that improves individual decision-making. Three case studies are assess in more detail: how Open Data can save lives, how it can be used to save time and how Open Data helps achieve environmental benefits. For example, Open Data has the potential of saving 7000 lives a year by providing resuscitation earlier. Furthermore, applying Open Data in traffic can save 629 million hours of unnecessary waiting time on the roads in the EU.

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Economic benefits are primarily derived from the re-use of Open Data. Value is there. The question is how big?

The European Union has adopted legislation to foster the re-use of Open (Government) Data. The expected impact of this legislation combined with the development of data portals, is to drive economic benefits and further transparency. Economic benefits are primarily derived from the re-use of Open Data. Value is there. The question is how big?

Thus, the European Commission, within the context of the launch of the European Data Portal, wished to obtain further evidence of the quantitative impact of re-use of Public Data Resources. A study was carried out with the aim to collect, assess and aggregate all economic evidence to forecast the benefits of the re-use of Open Data for all 28 European Member States and the ETFA countries, further referred to as EU 28+, for the period 2016-2020.

Direct benefits are monetised benefits that are realised in market transactions in the form of revenues and Gross Value Added (GVA), the number of jobs involved in producing a service or product, and cost savings. Indirect economic benefits are i.e. new goods and services, time savings for users of applications using Open Data, knowledge economy growth, increased efficiency in public services and growth of related markets.

The market volume exhibits the totality of the realised sales volume of a specific market; the value added. A distinction can be made between the direct market size and the indirect market size. Together they form the total market size for Open Data. For 2016, the direct market size of Open Data is expected to be 55.3 bn EUR for the EU 28+. Between 2016 and 2020, the market size is expected to increase by 36.9%, to a value of 75.7 bn EUR in 2020, including inflation corrections. For the period 2016-2020, the cumulative direct market size is estimated at 325 bn EUR.

In 2016, there will be 75,000 Open Data jobs within the EU 28+ private sector. By 2020, this number is forecasted to increase to just under 100,000 Open Data jobs. This represents a 32% growth over a 5-year period. Thus, in the period 2016-2020, almost 25,000 new direct Open Data jobs will be created.

Based on the forecasted EU28+ GDP for 2020, whilst taking into account the countries’ respective government expenditure averages, the cost savings per country can be calculated. The accumulated cost savings for the EU28+ in 2020 are forecasted to equal 1.7 bn EUR.

The aim of efficiency is to improve resource allocation so that waste is minimized and the outcome value is maximised, given the same amount of resources. Open Data can help in achieving such efficiency, The study offers a combination of the insights around the efficiency gains of Open Data and real-life examples. Three exemplar indicators are assessed in more detail: how Open Data can save lives, how it can be used to save time and how Open Data helps achieve environmental benefits. For example, Open Data has the potential of saving 1,425 lives a year (i.e. 5,5% of the European road fatalities). Furthermore, applying Open Data in traffic can save 629 million hours of unnecessary waiting time on the road in the EU.

The majority of studies performed previously are ex-ante estimations. These are mostly established on the basis of surveys or indirect research and provide for a wide range of different calculations. No comprehensive and detailed ex-post evaluations of the materialised costs and benefits of Open Data are available. Now that governments have defined Open Data policies, the success of these initiatives should be measured. The study offers several recommendations for doing so.

The report goes into further detail on how Open Data has gained importance in the last several years. Furthermore, the report provides insight into how Open Data can be used, and how this re-use differs around Europe. These insights are used to develop a methodology for measuring the value created by Open Data. The resulting values are presented in a graphical way, providing insight in the potential of Open Data for the EU28+ up to 2020.

 

(Source: http://www.europeandataportal.eu/)

 

Descargas del CNIG. Open Source bien hecho!

2016/02/08

Hola amigos del GIS,
Por motivos de trabajo que no vienen al caso, he tenido que bucear de manera sistemática la web de descargas del CNIG. http://centrodedescargas.cnig.es/CentroDescargas/inicio.do
Una maravilla.

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Por motivos que tampoco viene al caso, he de hacer esto mismo de vez en cuando en todos los Institutos cartográficos del mundo y el del CNIG es sin duda en el que me resulta más fácil, en el que el modelo de datos en más lógico y en el que los links son más fiables de todo el mundo. La única obligación es la atribución obligatoria de los datos. ¿No es mucho pedir, no? Desde el día 27 de diciembre, los datos del IGN son libres CC By 4.0.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Por tanto es obligatorio que mencione la procedencia a pie de imagen, créditos, etc.., sobre todo en publicaciones, usos comerciales, artículos, etc… (Por ejemplo puede poner “<tal dato> CC by instituto Geográfico Nacional” o más bien “derivado de <tal dato” CC by ign.es” o similares…).

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Ya sea porque necesitemos las imágenes del PNOA (Plan Nacional de Ortofotografía Aérea), un modelo digital del terreno de alta resolución o imágenes históricas de nuestro pueblo… tan solo hay que bucear un poco en el catálogo de geodatos del Instituto Geográfico Nacional (Centro Nacional de Información Geográfica) y los conseguiremos.

Por ejemplo, la semana pasada tuve que encontrar datos sobre algunas ciudades españolas para hacer varios escenarios 3D para un cliente y aquí encontré por un lado un DSM 5m elaborado con fuentes LIDAR, por otro lado me bajé de Cartociudad los datos relativos a vectores lineales, manzanas y luego desde la web de CATASTRO (https://www.sedecatastro.gob.es/OVCFrames.aspx?TIPO=TIT&a=masiv) me bajé las geometrías de todos los edificios de la ciudad (que planeo geoprocesar para eliminar las formas no deseadas y para adjudicar alturas precisas gracias al LIDAR bajado con anterioridad).

Por qué no añadir geometrías de Open Street Maps (https://www.openstreetmap.org/export) o de la propia Base Topográfica Nacional BTN25 para completar dicho escenario?

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MADRID-GISDATA

La verdad amigos es que desde que empezó a funcionar el Open Data, los Geógrafos y derivados tenemos mucho con lo que ‘jugar’ para hacer nuestros análisis.
http://idee.es/

Espero que os resulte interesante.

Un saludo cordial,

Alberto
Geógrafo/ Máster SIG UAH/ Diseñador Multimedia